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The differences between Mitosis and meiosis are listed in the table given below:

 

Mitosis

Meiosis

1.

Mitosis takes place continuously in the somatic cells of the body

Meiosis occurs in germ cells during gametogenesis 

2.

Cells divides only once

Two cell divisions take place- First and Second meiotic divisions

3.

Prophase is comparatively simple, shorter duration and includes no substage

Prophase is relatively complex, longer duration and includes six sub-stages: Preleptotene,  Leptotene, Zygotene, Pachytene, Diplotene and Diakinesis

4.

There is no synapsis

Synapsis of homologous chromosomes occur during prophase

5.

Chiasma formation ( crossing over) does not take place

Chiasma formation (crossing over)  takes place

6.

Duplication of chromosomes takes place in early prophase

Duplication/splitting  of chromosomes takes place in late prophase

7.

Chromatids occur in the form of dyads

Chromatids of two homologous chromosomes occur as tetrads

8.

Spindle fibres disappear completely in telophase

Spindle fibres  do not disappear completely in telophase I

9.

Genetic constitution of daughter cells is identical to that of the parental cells

Genetic constitution of daughter cells differs from the parent cell.

10.

Occurs in both asexually and sexually reproducing organisms

Occurs in only sexually reproducing organisms

 

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