What are the functions of each organ of the gastrointestinal tract?


1 Answer

0

The functions of each organ of the gastrointestinal tract are given in the table below:

 

Name of the organ

Function

1.

Mouth

Ingestion of food.

2.

Tongue

Detecting different tastes of food; mixes saliva with food to form bolus; swallowing; speech

3.

Teeth

Masticates food into small particles.

Helps mix food with saliva.

4.

Pharynx

Prevents entry of food into respiratory system.

Passes food towards the oesophagus.

5.

Oesophagus

Smooth passage of food.

Pushes food towards stomach.

6.

Stomach

Stores food.

Mechanical churning and chemical digestion.

Partial digestion of proteins.

7.

Sphincters

Regulates passage of food.

8.

Small intestine

Digestion of food.

Absorption of nutrients

9.

Large intestine

Facilitates easy passage of undigested materials by secreting mucus.

10.

Rectum

Temporary storage of faecal matter

11.

Anus

Removal of undigested matter

 

answered by Lifeeasy Authors
...