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If the gynoecium consists of two or more carpels which are fused, as in hibiscus, mustard and tomato, it is termed as syncarpous ovary.

After fertilisation, the ovules develop into seeds and the ovary matures into a fruit.

Gynoecium is referred as the female part of the flower (collective term for the innermost central whorl of floral appendages). A unit of gynoecium is called carpel (ovule and seed producing reproductive organ).