Explain the hormones of the pituitary gland and functions.

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Hormones of the pituitary gland and functions are as stated below:

Hormones of the Pituitary Gland


Name of the Hormone with Abbreviation

Main targets

Primary functions

Posterior Pituitary Gland

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)


Promotes water retention by kidneys


Uterus & Mammary glands

Stimulates labor and induces ejection of milk from mammary glands respectively

Anterior Pituitary Gland

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Thyroid gland

Stimulates thyroid for secretion of T3 and T4

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Adrenal cortex

Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids from adrenal cortex

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

Gonads -Ovaries & Testes

stimulate secretion of sex hormones from the gonads (egg and sperm production)

Stimulates egg maturation and estrogen secretion (Female)

Stimulates the formation of sperm (Male)

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Prolactin (PRL)

Mammary glands

Stimulates milk production

Growth hormone (hGH)

Most cells

Promotes growth (cell division and protein synthesis etc.)

Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)

Melanocytes in skin

Regulates skin color

answered by Prof. Pallavi Joshi
edited by Lifeeasy Authors