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Advantages of Hydroponics

  • Soil is not required for hydroponics
  • No need for huge farming land as it allows the crops to be produced in greenhouses, even in the desert sands. It is a stable technology for growth of plants and ensures high yields
  • The desired nutrient environment can be easily provided for plant growth
  • Water stays in the system thus labor for watering of plants can be avoided
  • Lower water costs as water is reused in these systems
  • Less water is lost through evaporation and runoff
  • Acid-base balance can be easily maintained.
  • No mulching, tilling, changing of soil and weeding
  • No scope of pesticide damage
  • Proper aeration of nutrient solution is possible. Nutrition pollution is not released into the environment
  • Easier to get rid of pests and diseases
  • Easy to harvest

Disadvantages of Hydroponics

  • Limited production in comparison to field conditions
  • Initial setup cost is high, as the necessary equipments are expensive
  • Technical skill is required to maintain the equipments
  • Hydroponic gardens are influenced by power cut
  • If a disease appears all plants in the container will be affected. Water borne diseases can quickly spread right through the hydroponic gardens
  • If the hydroponic system fails it can leads to rapid plant death without soil as a buffer
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