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Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment

  • Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment states: “Assortment of genes of one pair is independent of the other pair at the time of gametogenesis i.e., each pair of contrasting character behaves independently and bears no association with a particular character.”
  • Because of such independent assortment of character, new combinations of characters are produced in offspring.
  • The law of independent assortment was deduced from Mendel’s experiment with dihybrid cross.
  • A cross that involves the analysis of two independent traits is known as “dihybrid cross”.