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Female reproductive organs and functions:


The organs

Its functions


  • Two almond-shaped ovaries are located in the lower abdomen.
  • Gamete-producing organs of the female reproductive system; Produce eggs and sex hormones
  • Eggs mature near the surface of the ovaries


  • An oviduct is the tube that leads from an ovary to the uterus
  • Oviducts also called fallopian tube or uterine tube
  • Transports eggs to the uterus
  • The finger-like projections (fimbriae) at the end of the tube help move the oocyte into the oviduct i.e., action of fimbriae and the beating of cilia, with these two combine action, egg is usually swept into the oviduct.

Uterus (womb)

  • The uterus is single (also called womb) and the site of fetal development; located in the female pelvis
  • Opens into vagina through a narrow cervix
  • Supported by ligaments attached to the pelvic wall.
  • It is a hollow, thick-walled, inverted pear shaped muscular organ
  • Receives, retains, and nourishes the fertilized egg.
  • Houses developing fetus before it is born


  • The narrow passage at the opening of a woman’s womb; base of the uterus which projects into vagina
  • The opening in the cervix allows the sperm to enter the uterus, and fetus to exit during labor.


  • This Hollow muscular female organ leads from the uterus to the vestibule
  • Functions as an organ of sexual intercourse; receives penis during sexual intercourse
  • Serves as birth canal
  • Serves as an exit for menstrual flow


  • A small organ, clitoris is partly enclosed by the labia minora; an erectile structure
  • Highly sensitive to stimulation; Like penis contains erectile tissue, as it becomes engorged with blood  during sexual stimulation
  • Important in the female sexual response


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