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The main characteristics of Dinophyceae are:

  1. The algae coming under this family is known as dark yellow to brown algae.
  2. They are commonly known as sea water planktons.
  3. They are free living, symbiotic or parasitic organisms.
  4. The reserve food materials are starch and oil.
  5. They possess characteristic nucleus which is condensed and banded chromosomes.
  6. The motile phases possess two dissimilar flagella.
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